Genital warts are caused by HPV, which stands for human papilloma virus. It is thought that the majority of sexually active individuals will be exposed to HPV infections during their lifetime. Most HPV infections will clear spontaneously. However vaccination with Gardasil can protect against the high risk HPV types 16,18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 which cause most genital cancers and HPV 6 and 11 which cause most genital warts.
One of the common symptoms of Genital Warts are flesh-coloured, soft-to-the-touch bumps on the skin of the genital area and around the anus, gradually these bumps will cluster and form a kind of “cauliflower” appearance. These bumps can cause mild bleeding, irritation and infection due to itchiness. One of the main transmissions is through sexual intercourse with an HPV-infected patient.